Notes: The content of this area was done as part of the FIDIS project.
Related topics: profiling, biometric, privacy, user modeling (and personalisation), online social networking (self-exposure)
Initiatives working on defining Identity in the Information Society
|Interesting articles (magazines)
Interesting articles (magazines)
Articles, news, etc. (Magazines)
- note: see also the miscellaneous section for news on RFID, profiling, spying, etc.
The Looming Facebook Privacy Fiasco
- by Jason Kincaid, TechCrunch July 1, 2009
- Facebook’s privacy conference call just ended, and it’s clear some major changes are going to be coming to the social network soon. Some of these, like a totally revamped privacy control page, are both long overdue and very welcome. But others, like the Transition Tool, seem ripe for disaster.
AOL apologizes for release of user search data
- by Dawn Kawamoto and Elinor Mills, CNET News.com, August 7, 2006
- When AOL released the three-month search histories of some 650,000 users, it provided a rare glimpse into their private lives.
Gates to demonstrate new search software
- by Ina Fried, CNET News.com, May 16, 2006
- Microsoft's technology tries to ease that task by looking through workers' e-mail and other data and then automatically generating working profiles.
Jail time for phone record scammers?
- by Anne Broache, CNET News.com, February 8, 2006
- Anyone who "fraudulently" acquires and resells records of calls made by a telephone subscriber could face fines of up to $500,000 and prison sentences of up to 20 years, under a bill proposed Wednesday in the U.S. House of Representatives.
FAQ: When Google is not your friend
- by Declan McCullagh?, CNET News.com, February 3, 2006
- FAQ Google's recent legal spat with the U.S. Department of Justice highlights not only what information search engines record about us but also the shortcomings in a federal law that's supposed to protect online privacy
Ercim News SPECIAL THEME: Security and Trust Management
- ERCIM News No. 63, October 2005
Google automates personalized search
- by Enor Mills, CNET News.com, June 28, 2005,
- Google on Tuesday launched a new version of its personalized search that monitors previous searches to refine future results.
To catch a thief
- by Tom Zeller Jr., The New York Times, via CNET News.com, June 25, 2005
- Indicates a use of profiling technologies? to detect ID fraud
- Resource indicated by Mireille Hildebrandt, VUB
Consumers, retailers grapple with data theft
- by Joris Evers, CNET News.com, June 22, 2005,
- like Simitian, Feinstein believes that notification is "vital to affording individuals the ability to protect their identity and their credit," she wrote. Feinstein has introduced a bill in the U.S. Senate that would require that consumers be notified of certain types of security breach.
Be a Gaming God for Dollars a Day
- by Daniel Terdiman, Wired News, June 23, 2005
- About renting out high-level characters for popular online games
These walls (and teddy bears) have eyes
- by Michael Kanellos, CNET News.com, June 9, 2005
- Though the system is geared mostly toward providing parents with better information about their kids, there is an entertainment aspect to the monitor as well. The pictures taken nightly by the camera can be strung together to form a composite video charting the baby's development.
- A prototype teddy bear developed by the same group, meanwhile, contains a hidden video camera.
Study: Shoppers naive about retail prices online
- CNN, June 1, 2005
- Most American consumers don't realize Internet merchants and even traditional retailers sometimes charge different prices to different customers for the same products, according to a new survey.
IBM software aims for both security and privacy
- by Steve Lohr, The New York Times, via CNET News.com, May 24, 2005
- The new product goes beyond finding relationships in different sets of data. The software, which IBM calls DB2 Anonymous Resolution, enables companies and government agencies to share personal information on customers and citizens without identifying them.
Personal data for the taking
- by Tom Zeller Jr., The New York Times, via CNET News.com, May 18, 2005
- As part of a computer science and security project (Johns Hopkins project) and working with a strict requirement to use only legal, public sources of information, groups of three to four students set out to vacuum up not just tidbits on citizens of Baltimore, but whole databases: death records, property tax information, campaign donations, occupational cense registries.
- Several groups managed to gather well over a million records, with hundreds of thousands of individuals represented in each database.
Microsoft to flash Windows ID cards
- by Joris Evers, CNET News.com, May 18, 2005
- The Redmond, Wash.-based software giant plans to release a technical preview of the software, code-named InfoCard?, by the end of May, Microsoft said.
FAQ: How Real ID will affect you
Microsoft to plug ID controls into Windows
- by Reuters, posted in CNET News.com, March 29, 2005
- Microsoft will build software for managing identities into Windows (called "info-cards") in order to beef up security by giving users more control over their personal information.
- While Microsoft's earlier plans involved the use of centrally stored information beyond the computer desktop, the info-card system will keep data stored on a personal computer, Microsoft said
EU goes on biometric LSD trip
- by Kevin Polisen, The Register, Thursday 3rd February 2005
- In December 2004, the European Commission adopted the biometric passports directive, a regulation that mandates the use of [biometric facial images?] within 18 months and fingerprints within three years for all [passports?] issued.
States to test ID chips on foreign visitors
- by Alorie Gilbert, CNET News.com, January 26, 2005
- The U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to begin issuing special identification devices to foreign visitors arriving by foot and by car by July 31, according to a Tuesday announcement from the agency
Federal agent raps ISPs over cybercrime
- by Will Sturgeon, CNET News.com, January 25, 2005
- Speaking at the Computer and Internet Crime Conference in London, FBI agent Ed Gibson, who is an assistant legal attache
- to the U.S. Embassy, expressed concerns that national boundaries are still too much of an obstacle to law enforcement?.
eBay revokes Microsoft's Passport
- by Robert Lemos, CNET News.com, January 19, 2005
- Online auctioneer eBay officially has notified customers that it will no longer allow them to log on through Microsoft's identity management service, Passport.
Prescription for digitized health records
- by Steve Lohr, The New York Times on the Web, via CNET News.com, January 19, 2005
- The information on a patient inside a doctor's office, the report contends, must be capable of being sent across the network freely to hospitals, laboratories, [speciasts, insurers and researchers, if the promise of improved care and reduced costs are to be achieved.
Worried about Wi-Fi security?
- by Matt Hines, CNET News.com, January 19, 2005
- "But what these people don't understand is that if someone else starts using your network to browse whatever they want on the Web, it's going to come back to your IP address.". In one instance, a Los Angeles man pleaded guilty in September to distributing pornography spam e-mails, sent out using other people's Wifi? connections, which he accessed from inside his car.
- ... archive of older articles
Articles, papers, etc. (academic)
- Lucky, Robert W., IEEE Spectrum; Jul2008, Vol. 45 Issue 7, p 20-20
- The article looks into how the rapid development of technology affecting social trends play a substantial factor in losing an individual's privacy.
Defining Identity Theft
- Susan Sproule, Norm Archer,
- wcmeb, p. 20, Eighth World Congress on the Management of eBusiness (WCMeB 2007), 2007
Special issue: Privacy and security in highly dynamic systems
- Communications of the ACM, Volume 49 , Issue 9 (September 2006)
E-monitoring in the workplace: privacy, legislation, and surveillance software
- G. Daryl Nord, Tipton F. McCubbins, Jeretta Horn Nord; Communications of the ACM, Volume 49 , Issue 8 (August 2006)
CACM February 2006 Issue: Next-generation cyber forensics
- Communications of the ACM, Volume 49, Issue 2 (February 2006)
Are you representin'? Instructor identity in online courses
- by Lynn Kirkland Harvey, Research Review, Issue 1, 2006
- This paper suggests that instructor identity is a composite that is constructed from three separate identities evident in the virtual classroom: the textual, the visual, and the behavioural
Exchanging Personal Information
- Wartena, C., Fennema, P. & Brussee, R.
- In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Ubiquitous User Modelling (UbiqUM2006) in conjunction with The 17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI2006), August 28 - September 1, 2006, Riva del Garda, Italy
Privacy in E-Commerce: Stated Preferences vs. Actual Behavior
- Berendt, B., Günther, O., Spiekermann, S., Communication of the ACM (CACM), vol 48, no.3, 2005
Identity and the Economics of Organizations
- George A. Akerlof and Rachel E. Kranton (2005)
- Journal of Economic Perspectives—Volume 19, Number 1—Winter 2005—Pages 9–32
- The goal of this paper is to construct an economic model of identity and work incentives and hence capture these missing motivations.
Valuating Privacy (an experimental economics perspective)
- by Bernardo A. Huberman, Eytan Adar and Lese R. Fine; Working paper, HP Laboratories, Information Dynamic Lab, 2005
- This research paper reports a reverse second-price auction that was conducted to identify the monetary value of private information to individuals and how that value is set.
Fall 2004 - Special Issue: ISTAS 2003 - Social Implications of Security and Crime Prevention
- IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Volume 23, Number 3, Fall 2004.
AI Fights Money Laundering
- by Jason Kingdon, IEEE Intelligent Systems, May/June (Vol. 19, No. 3), 2004
- With almost half of the world's top 20 banks using AI systems, AI has emerged as the leading method in the fight against money laundering.
- One company in particular, Search space, monitors customer activity to identify unusual behavior and detect potential money-laundering situations.
Automatically detecting deceptive criminal identities
- by Gang Wang, Hsinchun Chen, Homa Atabakhsh, Communications of the ACM, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2004
- The criminal mind is no match for some of the latest technology designed to determine fact from fiction in suspect identities.
Theme: Identity Management
Privacy through Pseudonymity in User-Adaptive Systems
- Kobsa, A. and J. Schreck (2003): ACM Transactions on Internet Technology 3 (2), 149-183
- This article discusses security requirements to guarantee privacy in user-adaptive systems? and explores ways to keep users anonymous? while fully preserving personalized interaction? with them.
- User anonymization in personalizedsystems goes beyond current models in that not only users must remain anonymous, but also the user modeling system that maintains their personal data.
The Augmented Social Network: Building identity and trust into the next-generation Internet
- by Ken Jordan, Jan Hauser, and Steven Foster
- First Monday, Volume 8, Number 8 August 4th 2003
- This paper proposes the creation of an Augmented Social Network (ASN) that would build identity and [trust?] into the architecture of the Internet, in the public interest, in order to facilitate introductions between people who share affinities or complementary capabities across social networks.
"Someone to Watch over You"
"Personalized Hypermedia and International Privacy";
- Kobsa, Alfred (2002): ACM Communications of the ACM 45(5), 2002, 64-67
- Personalized hypermedia systems may be in conflict with privacy concerns of computer users, and with privacy laws that are in effect in many countries.
Theme: Information Security
Social comparisons in boundary-spanning work: Effects of community outreach on members' organizational identity and identification - Statistical Data Included
- by Caroline A. Bartel, Administrative Science Quarterly, Sept, 2001
- This research investigated how experiences in a particular boundary-spanning context (community outreach) affected members' organizational identity and identification.
The Turing Game: Exploring Identity in an Online Environment
- by Berman, Joshua and Amy Bruckman. Convergence, 7(3), 83-102, 2001.
- Do men and women behave differently online? Can you tell how old someone is, or determine their race or national origin based on how they communicate on the internet? Issues of personal identity affect how we relate to others in everyday life, both online and offline.
Digital Identity in Cyberspace
- by Hal Abelson and Lawrence Lessig, 10 December 1998
- White Paper Submitted for 6.805/Law of Cyberspace: Social Protocols.
Security without identification: transaction systems to make Big Brother obsolete
- by D. Chaum, Communications of the ACM - October 1985, Volume 28, Number 10, p. 1030-1044, 1985.
|Documents and books
Documents and books
For Your Information: Australian Privacy Law and Practice
- ALRC report 108, August 2008
booklet: Identity in a Networked World
- FIDIS Noe, 2006
- This booklet presents a set of identity issues in a variety of context via the use of cases and scenario.
Unlinkability, Undetectability, Unobservability, Pseudonymity, and Identity Management – A Consolidated Proposal for Terminology
- Andreas Pfitzmann and Marit Hansen, Feb. 15, 2008. (updated a numerous number of time)
i2010 eGovernment Action Plan: Accelerating eGovernment in Europe for the Benefit of All
- Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, ..., 26/04/2006
- The Commission hereby presents its eGovernment Action Plan, an integral part of its i2010 initiative for jobs and growth in the information society, to make a major contribution to the Lisbon Agenda and other European Community policies.
Open to Exploitation: American Shoppers Online and Offline
- Annenberg Public Policy Center report, June 1, 2005
- Sixty-four percent of American adults do not know that it is legal for online stores to charge different people different prices at the same time of day for the same product. This Groundbreaking new study explores this and many other shopping rules that all Americans need to know in order to protect themselves from online and offline exploitation.
- Resource indicated by Mireille Hildebrandt, VUB
Microsoft's Vision for an Identity Metasystem
- Microsoft Corporation, May 2005
- Resource indicated by Christian Geuer-Pollmann, Microsoft
Towards Understanding Identity
- eema, Identity Technologies & Services Interest Group, September 2004
- Paper lead by David Goodman - IBM,
- The objective of this document is to address the fundamentals underlying the definitions and understanding of identity based on the assumptions and experience known from the real-world in order to map them on to the requirements emerging from the digital world. The same approach will be taken with the processes associated with identity, primarily registration and validation - creating and then proving identity.
- Note: This document is only available to eema members (and has been made available to the Fidis consortium). Contact [eema?] to check the possibity to access this document.
- Resource indicated by David-Olivier Jaquet-Chiffelle, VIP
The IBM Global Business Security Index
- a monthly report of threats to computer networks in an effort to establish an indicator similar to the federal government's [Homeland Security?] Advisory System.
The Ernst & Young Global Information Security Survey 2004
- Ernst & Young, September 2004
- The 2004 Ernst & Young Global Information Security Survey questioned 1,233 leading organizations in 51 countries.
- "It is becoming increasingly difficult for organizations to retain control over the security of their information and for senior management to grasp the level of risk being faced" and organizations may be protecting themselves against the wrong threats or, at least, not protecting themselves against the most obvious threat of all: employees and other people with internal access to data.
Identity Management Embraces The Future
- by Steve Hunt, Forrester Research, June 21, 2004
- Identity management vendors are finding ways to move into new market niches. BMC's new partnership with Consul is the latest example of a successful identity management vendor adding security event management. BMC sets itself apart, however, by joining ranks with a leader in [compliance management?].
Emerging Identity Management Prospects
- Datamonitor report, ref: DMTC0976, 14 May 2004
- Analyse the IDm products and services market for North America, Latin America, EMEA and Asia Pacific.
US FTC Survey of Identity Theft
- FTC, September 3, 2003
- FTC Releases Survey of Identity Theft in U.S. 27.3 Million Victims in Past 5 Years, Billions in Losses for Businesses and Consumers.
Americans and online Privacy: The System is Broken
- Annenberg Public Policy Center report, June 25, 2003
- Do Americans understand the purpose on internet privacy policies? Do they know how websites use information about them? Do they trust government to protect their personal information? The Annenberg public policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania's provocative new report, Americans and online Privacy: The System is Broken, addresses these specific questions
Rapport Parlementaire N° 0938 - Les méthodes scientifiques d'identification des personnes à partir de données biométriques et les techniques de mise en oeuvre (in french)
- M. Christian Cabal, Assemblée Nationale, France, juin 2003
- Rapport de l'Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques sur les méthodes scientifiques d'identification des personnes
Resolutions were adopted at the 25th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners, 10-12 September 2003.
- These resolution include:
- 1.Resolution on improving the communication of data protection and privacy information practices
- 2.Resolution concerning the Transfer of Passengers' Data
- 3.Resolution on Data Protection and International [Organisations
- 4.Proposed Resolution on Automatic Software Updates
- 5.Resolution on Radio-Frequency Identification
- Resource indicated by Eric Freyssinet
NIST Special Publication 800-72, Guidelines on PDA Forensics
- NIST, August 2004
- The report details software tools to aid in the extraction of data from handhelds.
- The primary audience of the PDA Forensic Tool document is law enforcement, incident response team members, and forensic examiners who are responsible for conducting forensic procedures related to digital handheld devices and associated removable media.
Who Goes There? Authentication Through the Lens of Privacy
- Stephen T. Kent and Lynette I. Millett, Editors, 165 pages (approx.), 2003.
- This report explores authentication technologies (including passwords?, PKI?, biometrics?, etc.) and their implications for the privacy of the individuals being authenticated.
- As [authentication?] becomes ever more ubiquitous, understanding its interplay with privacy is vital. The report examines numerous concepts, including authentication, authorization, identification, privacy, and security. It provides a framework to guide thinking about these issues when deciding whether and how to use authentication in a particular context. The report explains how privacy is affected by system design decisions...
- Resource indicated by David-Olivier Jaquet-Chiffelle, VIP
Faceted Id/entity: Managing representation in a digital world
PhD dissertation: Electronic capture and analysis of fraudulent behavioral patterns: An application to identity fraud
- Benjamin Ngugi
- Expected date of completion: Summer 2005
- The objective of this thesis is to find a transparent way of mitigating identity fraud at the human computer interface.
- The thesis will then predict and model the acceptance and adoption barriers that such a new innovation will go through and suggest strategic paths that can be used to overcome such barriers.
Degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Submission of Published Work- DATA SURVEILLANCE: THEORY, PRACTICE & POLICY
- Roger Clarke, at the Australian National University, 1997
Proposed PhD dissertation Controlled anonymity on the Internet
- at COSIC
- The goal of this thesis is to study and develop solutions for controlled anonymity. Users will normally be anonymous.
- However, in suspicious circumstances, one will be able to revoke this anonymity? with the help of e.g. a judge. A balance is thus made between the fundamental right of privacy and the possibility of prosecution of criminal activities.
Electronic Surveillance: benefits and risks for European Union
Dr. rer. nat. dissertation: Security and Privacy in User Modeling,
- by Jörg Schreck, University of Gesamthochschule Essen, July 2001
- The methods presented here for increasing security in user modeling systems are used as a basis for the formulation and automatic enforcement of concrete policies on the use of user information through adaptive application systems.
- They are intended to enable users to make individual adaptations to given policies or to define their own policies. This also enables users to weigh their individual privacy requirements against the added value of the adaptive system.
Profiling the European Citizen
- M. Hildebrandt, Vrije Universiteit Brussel; S. Gutwirth, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Eds.), 2008
- In this volume a multi- focal view will be developed to focus upon what profiling is, where it is applied and what may be the impact on democracy and rule of law. The book is the result of research conducted within the framework of the FIDIS (Future of Identity of Information Society) NoE (Network of Excellence).
L'identité numérique en question
- Olivier Iteanu, Eyrolles, 2008
- 10 scénarios pour la maîtrise juridique de son identité sur Internet
Internet ou la fin de la vie privée
- par Les Auteurs Associés - Mai 2007
- Avec ce livre, disponible gratuitement sur internet sous licence Créative Commons*, les auteurs souhaitent attirer notre attention sur des comportements qui, si nous n'y prenons garde, pourraient porter atteinte à nos libertés.
- Ce livre est présenté dans Automates Intelligents
Biometrics for Network Security
- by Paul Reid, Prentice Hall PTR; 1st edition (November 17, 2003)
- Reid (senior product manager, Cryptometrics) introduces the technical capabilities and limitations of computer biometric systems for measuring [fingerprints?], eye characteristics, or other body information as a computer security measure serving a similar purpose to personal identification numbers.
Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet
- Sherry [Turkle, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
- Turkle studied the way people interact on so-called MUDs? or role-playing games? on the Internet, in which they play fictional characters in equally fictitious "worlds" created with words
Case Studies, Stories and Scenarios
Education (Course & Training)
Survey on privacy laws in over 60 countries around the world 2004
- privacyinternational and EPIC have released the 7th annual Privacy and Human Rights report. It finds that governments across the world have substantially increased surveillance in the past year and warns that threats to personal privacy have reached a level that is dangerous to fundamental human rights.
- Resource indicated by Mireille Hildebrandt, VUB
Law: the "Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act of 1998".
- US government law, As amended by Public Law 105-318, 112 Stat. 3007 (Oct. 30, 1998)
- is the renamed successor to the Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (CAPPS) used in the US
NSF Program Solicitation: NSF 04-524, Cyber Trust
- Cyber Trust promotes a vision of a society in which these systems are:
- (1) more predictable, more accountable, and less vulnerable to attack and abuse;
- (2) developed, configured, operated and evaluated by a well-trained and diverse workforce;
- and (3) used by a public educated in their secure and ethical operation.
- Anticipated Funding Amount: $30,000,000
French Law: Décision n° 2004-504 DC
- Loi relative à l'assurance maladie, et au Dossier Médical Informatisé en France.
- Décision du Conseil Constitutionnel, 12 août 2004
- Cette décision valide en particulier l’article 3 du texte, portant sur la création d’un «dossier médical personnel».
- Voire aussi : Décision n° 2004-499 DC - 29 juillet 2004 sur la Protection des données personnelles
Homeland Security Presidential Directive/Hspd-12
- Subject: Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors, in the US
- Privacy Matters is the newsletter of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner (Australia), keeping you informed of how the Office works to promote and protect the privacy of all Australians. The newsletter is produced quarterly and includes news and analysis of a variety of current privacy related issues.
Journals and Scientific magazines
Digital Identity World Magazine
- A magazine providing comprehensive, in-depth information and perspective on the entire digital identity industry.
The Digital ID World Newsletter
- Source for news about smart cards and such related payment and identification technologies as biometrics, PKI, mobile commerce, physical access control and computer network security.
Cnet News.com Security
Information Security Technical Report
- ISSN: 1363-4127, 4 issues per year
- Information Security Technical Report is designed for senior information security managers who need to keep informed on key areas in IT security
- Privacy Times basically is designed for professionals and attorneys who need to follow the legislation, court rulings, industry developments and horror stories that frame the ongoing debate about information privacy.
- They cover such issues as the FTC's developing policy for the Internet, credit reports, Caller ID, medical records, 'identity theft', the Freedom of Information Act, direct marketing and the European Union's Directive On Data Protection.
- Biometrics Market Intelligence (BMI)
Biometric Technology Today
- Biometric Technology Today, a source of authoritative news, analysis, and surveys on the international biometrics market.
- La revue de la sécurité des systèmes d'information au CNRS
RFID Journal (magazine)
- Radio Frequency Identification for Business
- --- academic Journals (and magazines)
IEEE Security & Privacy
- IEEE Security & Privacy will rethink the role and importance of networked infrastructure and help you develop lasting security solutions by bringing together leading experts on computer security technologies and privacy issues.
Journal of Computer Security
- The Journal of Computer Security presents research and development results of lasting significance in the theory, design, implementation, analysis, and application of secure computer systems and networks
- Post Identity, an international, fully-refereed journal of the humanities, publishes scholarship that problematizes the narratives underlying individual, social, and cultural identity formations; that investigates the relationship between identity formations and texts; and that argues how such formations can be challenged.
- IDENTITY is a peer-review journal intended to provide a forum for identity theorists and researchers around the globe to share their ideas and findings regarding the problems and prospects of human self-definition
Self and Identity
- Taylor & Francis Group Ltd , The journal of the International Society for Self and Identity
- Self and Identity is devoted to the study of social and psychological processes of the self, including both its agentic aspects, as well as the perceived and constructed aspects as reflected in its mental representations.
- The Journal aims to bring together work on self and identity undertaken by researchers across different subdisciplines within psychology (e.g., social, personaty, clinical, development, cognitive), as well as across other social and behavioral disciplines (e.g., sociology, family studies, anthropology, neuroscience).
- --- miscellaneous
The Journal of Identity Management
- --- electronic newsletters
- The IEEE Computer Society TCSP (Technical Committee on Security and Privacy) Electronic Newsletter
- online newsletter of the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington, DC.
- Resource indicated by Andreas Pfitzmann
- Newsletter of DRM (Digital Right Management) in Europe.
- Resource indicated by Kai Rannenberg, GUF
- --- other Journals (identity is not the central topic)
International Journal of Web Based Communities (IJWBC)
- Focuses on the growing role of the WWW for new types of communities and new ways to let traditional communities survive.
The Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
|People and organizations
People and organizations
- European Network and Information Security Agency
- IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Security and Privacy
http://ipsc.jrc.cec.eu.int/ Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen
- Joint Research Centre - European Commission, Ispra (VA) Italy
EPIC (Electronic Privacy Information Center)
- EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington D.C.
- It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values.
The Biometric Consortium
- The Biometric Consortium serves as a focal point for research, development, testing, evaluation, and application of biometric-based personal identification/verification technology.
- La Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libertés, France(the french National Commission for Data protection and the Liberties)
- CNIL is an independent administrative authority in France which mission is to develop expertise, advice, enforce law, etc. in the area of privacy protection.
- A not-for-profit organization entrusted by industry to establish global standards regarding the development, implementation and adoption of Electronic Product Code (EPC) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology.
The Computer Security Division (CSD)
- eema was an acronym for 'European Electronic Messaging Association', but as the focus of both the association and its members changed, the full title was dropped.
the International Society for Self and Identity (ISSI)
- ISSI is a scholarly association dedicated to promoting the scientific study of the human self.
- The members of ISSI share an interest in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes related to the self-system.
- ... (to be completed by the members of the FIDIS consortium)
Research Groups, Research Centres
EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation)
- EFF is a nonprofit group of passionate people - lawyers, volunteers, and visionaries - working to protect your digital rights.
The Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
- The Privacy Rights Clearinghouse is a nonprofit consumer education, research, and advocacy program.
- Their publications empower citizens to take action to control their personal information by providing practical tips on privacy protection
ITRC (Identity Theft Resource Center)
- ITRC is a nationwide nonprofit organization dedicated to developing and implementing a comprehensive program against [identity theft?] by supporting victims, broadening public awareness, disseminating information about this crime and decreasing the potential victim population.
- Fondation Internet Nouvelle Génération
SRIF (The Society for Research on Identity Formation)
- The Society for Research on Identity Formation (SRIF) is a professional organization devoted to theory, research, and applied work in the area of psychosocial development across the lifespan with a particular emphasis on ego identity formation during the periods of adolescence and adulthood.
- Statewatch is a non-profit-making voluntary group monitoring the state and civil liberties in the European Union
The Center For Democracy & Technology
- The Center for Democracy and Technology works to promote democratic values and constitutional liberties in the digital age. With expertise in law, technology, and policy, CDT seeks practical solutions to enhance free expression and privacy in global communications technologies.
- Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering
- (CASPIAN) is a national grass-roots consumer group dedicated to fighting supermarket "loyalty cards?" or frequent shopper cards?. CASPIAN's efforts are directed at educating consumers, condemning marketing strategies that invade shoppers' privacy, and encouraging privacy-conscious shopping habits.
the Identity Theft Resource Center
- ITRC is a national nonprofit organization that focuses exclusively on identity theft.
- Resource indicated by Mireille Hildebrandt, VUB
The Anti-Phishing Working Group
- The Anti-Phishing Working Group is a volunteer organization that is building a repository of [phishing?] scam emails and websites to help people identify and avoid being scammed in the future.
- Resource indicated by Mireille Hildebrandt, VUB
- Kim Cameron
- Andre Durand
L. Jean Camp
- Identity in digital government
Andreas Pfitzmann (Fidis member)
- Cryptography and data security
- Marit Hansen (Fidis member)
Kai Rannenberg (Fidis member --- coordinator)
- Chair professor of Mobile Commerce and Multilateral Security, Frankfurt University
- --- misc
Herminia Ibarra (organizational identity)
- Works on the concept of Working Identity
- User modeling and privacy
- danah boyd
- les identités numériques (Enjeux et pratiques d’une construction identitaire sur Internet)
|Projects and initiatives
Projects and initiatives
The Liberty Alliance
- The Liberty Alliance's vision is one of a networked world in which individuals and businesses can more easily interact with one another while respecting the privacy and security of shared identity information
On the Identity Trail (anonequity.org)
- Initiative principally funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
- A central objective of the project is to develop an interdisciplinary dialogue that will generate research results of practical value to policy makers and the broader public.
the MIT Initiative on Technology and Self
- The Internet is a new context for self-exploration and social encounter.
- Psychopharmacology, robotics?, nanotechnology?, genetic engineering, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence are among the technologies that raise fundamental questions about selfhood, identity, community, and what it means to be human.
The Identity Gang
- Designing a Wiki supporting a conversation about what Microsoft calls an Identity Metasystem and how this relates to a vision that many people share of what might be called user-centric identity.
Programme Identités actives
- par la FING
- Blogs, réseaux sociaux, "web 2.0", fédération d'identités, portfolios, cartes multiservices, services composites, communautés, univers virtuels… : sur le web comme dans l'espace physique, de nouvelles pratiques et de nouveaux médiateurs viennent transformer l'échange entre les individus, le fonctionnement des groupes, le commerce, la relation avec les institutions et les territoires, les signes et les marques d'appartenance.
- L'identité numérique est le pivot, le fédérateur de la plupart des nouveaux services, des nouvelles pratiques qui émergent aujourd'hui sur l'internet et le mobile
Insafe (Safer Internet)
- Insafe is a network of national nodes that coordinate Internet safety awareness in Europe.
- Future of Identity in the Information Society
- Social and ethical aspects of digital identities. Towards a value sensitive identity management
- Programme: FP7-IDEAS
- Objective: The overall aims of the project are to increase understanding of the social and ethical aspects of digital identity management (IDM), to further theorising the concept of identity, and to contribute to the quality and social/ethical acceptability of technological developments.
- Bringing sustainable privacy and identity management to future networks and services
- Privacy and Identity Management for Europe
- PRIME is a new European RTD Integrated Project under the FP6/IST Programme.
- It is concerned with the issues of privacy and identity management in the information society.
- Roadmap for Advanced Research in Privacy and IDentity management
- European initiative for a Citizen digital ID solution
- EUCLID is a project initiated by the Population Register Centre (Finland) to provide resources for management, operational support and information dissemination to the former eEurope Smart Card Trailblazer 1 - Public Identity -.
- Anonymity and Privacy in Electronic Services
- October 1, 2000 until September 30, 2004
- APES is a project of the Flemish government aimed at developing tools and techniques for adding anonymity and pseudonyms to on-line services. This program will be tackled both from a technical and from a legal standpoint.
GUIDE (IST Integrated Project)
- Government User IDentity for Europe
- Creating an European Identity Management Architecture for eGovernment
- The INformed DIalogue about Consumer Acceptability of DRM (Digital Right Management) Solutions in Europe
- The overall goal of INDICARE is to raise awareness, help to reconcile heterogeneous interests of multiple players, and to support the emergence of a common European position with regard to consumer and user issues of Digital Rights Management ([DRM?]) solutions.
- (IST-2002-001766) is a Project of the IST Priority of the 6th Framework Programme of the European Community
- BioSec? is the project that will bring deployment of a European-wide approach to biometric technologies for security applications.
Cyber Trust and Crime Prevention
- The Aim of the Project of the UK Office of Science and Technology is to use the best available science to explore the application and implications of the next generation technologies
- Resource indicated by James Backhouse?, LSE?
The InspireD integrated project
- InspireD is an European initiative dedicated to the future of smart cards?.
- Resource indicated by Martin Meints?, ICPP?
- Identity Management for eGovernment (IDEM) is project in which technical and legal research institutes work jointly together with the Flemish and Belgian government, to solve the main challenges of Identity Management (IDM) in the Flemish and Belgian eGovernment context.
- resource indicated by Ioannis Maghiros?, IPTS?
- KITE, The European mobile worker’s kit
- The KITE project was established in the context of the creation and dissemination of the electronic version of Europass, the European Community Framework for the transparency of qualifications and competencies.
Miscellaneous Software projects
The Martus Project
- from the The Benetech Initiative
- Martus provides for the creation, encryption and secure storage of reports of human rights abuses. The system improves the accessibility of human rights information and helps assure that violations will be recorded and those responsible held accountable.
- Shibboleth leverages campus identity and access management infrastructures to authenticate individuals and then sends information about them to the resource site, enabling the resource provider to make an informed authorization decision.
the Higgins Project
- Higgins is a framework that will enable users and enterprises to integrate identity, profile, and relationship information across multiple systems.
Standards (data model)
- The HR-XML Consortium is dedicated to the development and promotion of a standard suite of XML specifications to enable e-business and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges.
- Specifications include: Benefits Enrollment, competence, Contact Method, Education, History, Resume, ...
- (Friend of a Friend), XML and RDF format.
- FOAF allows the expression of personal information and relationships, and is a useful building block for creating information systems that support online communities.
Xhtml Friends Network
- XFN is a simple way to represent human relationships using hyperlinks
- This new layer of infrastructure enables individuals and organizations to establish persistent Internet identities and form long-term, trusted peer-to-peer data sharing relationships.
- Has some sleazy web site taken over your browser? Are you getting pop up ads even when your browser has been closed for some time? Are you infected with a spyware? program that refuses to go away?
- If so, our message board has dozens of dedicated volunteers ready to give you step-by-step assistance to remove the malicious software and regain control of your PC.
Systems and Services making use of a user profile
Games & online tools
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