What is a Wiki
Wiki is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser. Wiki supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly.
Ward's original description of Wiki
A wiki is a web application that allows users to add content, as on an Internet forum, but also allows anyone to edit the content.
One of the main debate arround Wikis is related to the quality and acuracy of the content, how to set-up some mechanisms (such as certification by experts) that ensure that the content does not contain errors and biases.
Nupedia, the first tentative to set-up a strict reviewing mechanisms and validation of the content by experts, was a failure. (the validation of the content was too heavy, and required to much effort).
Idees to explore in the future: the semantic wiki, and the merging of wiki, blogs and social network into single systems.
blog, online social networking, web 2.0, collaboration, social motivation
- the 4th International Symposium on Wikis, Porto, Portugal, September 8-10.
- August 4–6 in Cambridge, Massachusetts
- The 2nd International Workshop on Semantic Wikis: Wiki-based Knowledge Engineering
|Interesting documents on Wikis
Interesting documents on Wikis
Enterprise 2.0: Wiki While You Work
- By Matthew Fraser, bMighty, July 1, 2009
- The corporation is where Web 2.0 tools hold the most promise to transform social organization, but it's also where there has been the most resistance to change. Although Web 2.0 tools can have a tremendous upside for businesses, the reality is that, inside many companies, reactions to online social networking have been fixated on the downside.
An Internal Wiki That’s Not Classified
- By Noam Cohen, The New York Times, August 4, 2008
- Diplopedia, the U.S. Department of State's internal wiki, is changing the way things get done at the organization.
Google Launches Wikipedia Rival (Knol)
- by Lalee Sadighi, Red Herring, 24 July 2008,
- Unlike Wikipedia, which publishes nameless articles, the key principle behind Knol is authorship.
Study: Students more wary of Wikipedia, online resources than thought
- by Nate Anderson, Ars Technica, August 24, 2007
- A new study conducted at a California liberal arts college found that students don't look first at Wikipedia when given a research assignment. They don't even go to Google or Yahoo. Instead, most students look at their course readings, talk to professors, and use their library's web site and databases.
Google goes wild for wikis
- by Elinor Mills, CNET News.com, October 31, 2006
- With JotSpot acquisition, search king picks up another little piece of what could add up to one giant tech empire.
Growing Wikipedia revises its 'anyone can edit' policy
- by The New York Times, via CNET News.com, June 17, 2006
- At its core, Wikipedia is not just a reference work but also an online community that has built itself a bureaucracy of sorts--one that, in response to well-publicized problems with some entries, has recently grown more elaborate. It has a clear power structure that gives volunteer administrators the authority to exercise editorial control, delete unsuitable articles and protect those that are vulnerable to vandalism.
IBM eyes programming for the masse
- by Martin LaMonica, CNET News.com, April 26, 2006
- IBM is working on a project, called QEDwiki, that takes a stab at a long-held industry promise: end-user programming
Everyone's an editor as wiki fever spreads to shopping
- by Bob Tedeschi, The New York Times, via CNET News.com, April 24, 2006
- ShopWiki, developed by two DoubleClick? founders, officially introduced its site last week after several months of testing, while Amazon pulled the "beta" tag off its own wiki offering earlier this month (Amazon's ProductWikis?--or invitations to write them--are found on product pages below customer reviews)
Belatedly, Britannica lambastes Wikipedia findings
- by Candace Lombard, CNET News.com, March 24, 2006
- The publisher of the venerable encyclopedia this week released a scathing 20-page rebuttal to a December article in the journal Nature that tallied errors in both Britannica and Wikipedia and found that the Web upstart more than held its own
Newsmaker: Wikipedia's co-founder eyes a Digital Universe
- by Daniel Terdiman, CNET News.com, January 6, 2006
- The project Digital Universe is an attempt to present a diverse collection of information on just about any topic imaginable. Some will be links to other Web resources, while some will be citizen journalism. But the highest-profile part of the project is likely to be its encyclopedia. And while its entries will be written by the general public, the project is distinguishing itself from Wikipedia by having many entries vetted and certified as accurate by subject-area experts.
Wikipedia alternative aims to be 'PBS of the Web'
- by Daniel Terdiman, CNET News.com, December 19, 2005
- A new online information service launching in early 2006 aims to build on the model of free online encyclopedia Wikipedia by inviting acknowledged experts in a range of subjects to review material contributed by the general public.
Study: Wikipedia as accurate as Britannica
- by Daniel Terdiman, CNET News.com, December 15, 2005
- Wikipedia is about as good a source of accurate information as Britannica, the venerable standard-bearer of facts about the world around us, according to a study published this week in the journal Nature.
Growing pains for Wikipedia
- by Daniel Terdiman, CNET News.com, December 5, 2005
- For Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales, last week was a tough one. And he's going to change the ground rules for the popular anyone-can-contribute encyclopedia because of it.
How wikis are changing our view of the world
Esquire wikis article on Wikipedia
- by Daniel Terdiman, CNET News.com, September 29, 2005
- When Esquire magazine writer A.J. Jacobs decided to do an article about the freely distributable and freely editable online encyclopedia Wikipedia, he took an innovative approach: He posted a crummy, error-laden draft of the story to the site
Getting real about wikimania
- by Charles Cooper, CNET News.com, July 28, 2005
- Nowadays, Kraus is applying lessons learned from the go-go days to his latest venture, JotSpot, a San Francisco-based company that builds applications around online collaborative authoring systems. With wikis beginning to find their place in the business world, Kraus believes the technology could lead to another Internet shift in the way corporations work.
- by Matt Rand, Forbes, december 2004
- Blogs are so last year. The next big thing, according to Web junkies, is the "wiki."
- Wikis, Grafitti, and Process. A blog entry discussiong about wikis.
- see also: Wikipedia_in_academic_studies
Measuring Wiki Viability
- Camille Roth, Dario Taraborelli, Nigel Gilbert (2008),
- WikiSym? 4th Intl Symposium on Wikis, Porto, Portugal, Sep 2008
Online motivational factors: Incentives for participation and contribution in Wikipedia.
- Rafaeli, S., & Ariel, Y. (2008)
- In A. Barak (Ed.), Psychological aspects of cyberspace: Theory, research, applications (pp. 243-267). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kittur, A.; Suh, B.; Pendleton, B. A.; Chi, E. H.
- He says, she says: Conflict and coordination in Wikipedia. 25th Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2007); 2007 April 28 - May 3; San Jose; CA. NY: ACM; 2007; 453-462.
Suh, B.; Chi, E. H.; Pendleton, B. A.; Kittur, A.
- Us vs. them: understanding social dynamics in Wikipedia with revert graph visualizations.
- IEEE Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology 2007. 2007 October 30 - November 3; Sacramento, CA. Piscataway NJ: IEEE; 2007; 163-170.
Searching the Wikipedia with contextual information
- Antti Ukkonen; Carlos Castillo; Debora Donato; Aristides Gionis, Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), 2008
Assessing the Value of Cooperation in Wikipedia
- Dennis M. Wilkinson and Bernardo A. Huberman (2007); First Monday, volume 12, number 4 (April 2007)
- This article shows that the accretion of edits to an article is described by a simple stochastic mechanism, resulting in a heavy tail of highly visible articles with a large number of edits. It also demonstrates a crucial correlation between article quality and number of edits, which validates Wikipedia as a successful collaborative effort.
- available also here
Uses and Potentials of Wikis in the Classroom
- by S. Pixy Ferris and Hilary Wilder, Innovate, Volume 2, Issue 5, June/July 2006
- In this article we describe how teaching and learning have changed across oral, print, and secondary-oral paradigms; in turn, after addressing some controversies over the use of wikis as scholarly and educational resources, we advocate the use of wikis as a teaching and learning tool.
Wikipedia risks (one page)
- Peter Denning, Jim Horning, David Parnas, Lauren Weinstein
- Communications of the ACM, Volume 48 , Issue 12 (December 2005)
Breaking the Knowledge Acquisition Bottleneck Through Conversational Knowledge Management
- by Christian Wagner, Information Resources Management Journal, 19(1), 70-83, January-March 2006
- The article demonstrates the opportunity for more effective knowledge acquisition through the application of the principles of Bazaar style, open-source development. The article introduces wikis as software that enables this type of knowledge acquisition. It empirically analyzes the Wikipedia to produce evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach.
An empirical examination of Wikipedia’s credibility
- by Thomas Chesney, First Monday, volume 11, number 11 (November 2006),
Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with history flow Visualizations
|Examples of applications
Examples of applications
- An open source Encyplopedia
a huge "Open source" encyclopedia coauthors by a community of thousands of participants.
- Wikibooks, a collection of open-content textbooks that anyone can edit
- Google Knol
- wikia is the new Wiki project from Jimmy Wales (the creator of Wikipedia)
Knowledge management and Work
- It provides an emerging interactive encyclopaedia about everything to do with Intellectual Capital and Intellectual Capital Statements, to which everyone will be able to contribute, to access and share with others.
Portland Pattern Repository.
- One of the most famous and oldest wiki was developed by Ward Cunningham and it is used by people exchanging knowledge on design patterns.
Networking Among Communities of Practice
- The wiki is intended for use by trusted team and members of the community for collaborative documentation. What we have here is a read-and-write web, as opposed to the traditional read-only web sites. It is a collaborative authoring tool.
- An encyclopaedic project of academic initiative devoted to worldwide law, legal and political sciences
- --- internal wikis
AtAgentive research project proposal
- password protected
Example of a Wiki for supporting a consortium of European Organisations for elaborating a research proposal for a project to be funded by the European commission.
FIDIS research project intranet
- password protected
- Example of a Wiki for supporting a european research project.
Communication (Journalism, etc.)
- Wikitravel is a project to create a free, complete, up-to-date and reliable world-wide travel guide
|Experimenting with Wiki
Experimenting with Wiki
Free wiki services
Open source wiki engines and systems
commercial wiki engines and systems
- Their goal is to connect the virtual and physical world by bringing the right information from the internet to the relevant place in physical space.
- MindTouch provides a wiki-server appliance for organizations that want the flexibility of a simple and effective wiki, and also require the security of the appliance behind the firewall.
- Wikiwyg is the simple way to add Wysiwyg editing to your existing social software project
- TiddlyWiki? a reusable non-linear personal web notebook
- Creative Commons (Licensing for open source content)
Creative Commons offers a flexible range of protections and freedoms for authors and artists. They have built upon the "all rights reserved" of traditional copyright to create a voluntary "some rights reserved" copyright.
- Wikipedia: Counter Vandalism Unit
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